Healing Journey

Learning from the History of Psychiatry

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“Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it” George Santayana

The RTE “Behind the Walls” 2 part documentary highlighted that we locked up more people in mental institutions in Ireland that any other place in the world a few decades ago [1]. “Research shows that 33,000 patients died in overcrowded and disease-ridden psychiatric hospitals between the late 1920s and early 1960s, with death rates significantly higher than in the general community” Carl O’Brien, Irish Times [2]. In Nazi Germany people with mental health issues were the first to be killed and the last to be recognised [3, 4].

Athlone nurse Hanna Greally, experienced Post Traumatic Stress after spending time in England during WWII and was sent into St. Loman’s hospital, Mullingar by her mother for “a rest”. She was admitted to the Psychiatric hospital at 19 and got trapped there for almost 20 years! Her birthplace is currently The Bailey pub in Athlone with a plaque outside.

She wrote an excellent book called Bird’s Nest Soup [5]. The last line in the book is very poignant “I am now a sadder but a wiser woman, and one who can say with certainty that knowledge and FREEDOM are happiness”.

Sligo woman Mary Maddock and her husband Jim wrote a book called Soul Survivor [6] which gives a more recent insight into Psychiatric survival. Like many other sane people, Mary got caught up in the Psychiatric system in the early 1970s, after the birth of her 1st baby. With the help of people like Dr Terry Lynch, thankfully she freed herself from the mental “health” system. I’ve included a short video about her below [7].

I don’t think people truly comprehend what it’s like to be in a Psychiatric unit unless you have been there. “One thing you will find on Psychiatric wards that you won’t find on other hospital wards is a lot of people in various stages of tranquilisation … Psychiatry is the only medical specialty where considerable number of recipients of Psychiatric treatment consider themselves to be survivors of the actual system” Dr. Terry Lynch. Connecting to other Psychiatric survivors, including people like Mary Maddock, was a part of my healing journey. I also learned a lot from Dr Terry Lynch, Prof Ivor Browne and other honest doctors like them. As well as learning from the History of Psychiatry which, despite all the trauma it has caused in this country intergenerationally, many seem to have forgotten ?

References

[1] Behind The Walls by Mary Raftery:

Part 1 ~ www.rte.ie/news/player/2011/0905/3043225-behind-the-walls/

Part 2 ~ www.youtube.com/watch?v=LTOWZu0Gubo

“Behind the Walls’ is a two-part documentary series charting the history of Ireland’s psychiatric hospitals. Part one lifts the lid on this vast system. During the middle decades of the 20th century, Ireland led the world in locking up more of its people per capita in mental hospitals, ahead even of the old Soviet Union.

This documentary reveals damning evidence of appalling conditions within the hospitals, information which was kept secret by the State. It also tells the remarkable story of Hanna Greally, locked up for almost 20 years, but who emerged to write about her experiences in the 1970s, becoming one of the very few to chronicle her experiences behind the walls.

Behind the Walls is a Misha Films production. Produced and written by Mary Raftery”

http://www.rte.ie/tv/programmes/behind_the_walls.html

[2] Call to extend mother and baby homes inquiry to mental homes ~

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/social-affairs/call-to-extend-mother-and-baby-homes-inquiry-to-mental-homes-1.1833367

[3] Peter Breggin, MD – Psychiatry and the Holocaust–The Violence Initiative – Part 1 ~
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MQZdUmxG1Es

[4] Psychiatry’s role in the holocaust ~
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23511221

[5] Bird’s Nest Soup by Hannah Greally, 1971 ~

http://www.corkuniversitypress.com/Birds-Nest-Soup-Hanna-Greally-p/9781855942103.htm

There is also an RTE documentary about Hannah Greally ~

www.rte.ie/radio1/doconone/greally.html

[6] Soul Survivor by Mary & Jim Maddock, 2006 ~

www.amazon.com/Soul-Survivor-Personal-Encounter-Psychiatry/dp/0954403029

[7] Mary Maddock: a survivor of ECT and decades of Psychiatric drugging ~

www.vimeo.com/87711795

Other relevant information

* The Rosenhan experiment proved Psychiatry to be a pseudo Science over 40 years ago.
David Rosenhan ~ Being sane in insane places ~ www.youtube.com/watch?v=j6bmZ8cVB4o

* Edward Shorter, Ph.D., author of How Everyone Became Depressed (Oxford 2013), is a social historian of medicine in University of Toronto ~ www.dredwardshorter.com/ (includes podcasts)

* Music and Madness by Ivor Browne, 2008 ~

https://www.amazon.co.uk/Ivor-Browne-Music-Madness/dp/0955226120

* The Writings of Ivor Browne: Steps Along the Road, the Evolution of a Slow Learner, 2013 ~

www.amazon.co.uk/Writings-Ivor-Browne-Evolution-Learner/dp/1855942194

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